The district lies in the north western portion of the State.It is bounded on the north by Jharkhand State, on the south by Jharsuguda, Sambalpur and Deogarh districts, on east and north-east by Keonjhar and Paschimi Singhbhum districts of Odisha and Jharkhand, on the west and north-west Raigarh district of Chhatisgarh. The district lies between 21 degrees 35' N and 22 degrees 32' N latitudes and between 83 degrees 32' E and 85 degrees 22' E longitudes. Area of the district is 9712 sq. kms. The district headquarters is located at Sundargarh.